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Past Tense Simple Si Continuous

Past Tense Simple

Past Tense Simple se formeaza prin adaugarea terminatiei - ed in cazul verbelor regulate.

Ex. to work - worked

Daca verbul este neregulat, Past Tense trebuie invatat din tabelul de verbe neregulate care

indica cele trei forme de baza ale verbului: forma I - infinitiv, forma II- Paste Tense, forma

III - participiul trecut.

Ex. to speak - spoke - spoken

 

Afirmativ

worked

I/you/he/she/it/we/they

spoke

Negativ

work

I/you/he/she/it/we/they did not

speak

 

Interogativ

work?

Did I/you/he/she/it/we/they

speak?

Forma prescurtata a lui did not este didn't (I didn't work).

Past Tense Simple arata o actiune trecuta, terminata, efectuata intr-o perioada de timp

trecuta, terminata.

Este timpul de naratiune.

Se traduce, de obicei, cu perfectul compus.

Ex. Yesterday I went for a walk.

(Ieri am mers al plimbare.)

Last year I travelled to England.

(Anul trecut am calatorit in Anglia.)

 

Past Tense Continuous

Se formeaza prin conjugarea verbului „to be" la trecut (Past Tense) si adaugarea formei -

ing a verbului de conjugat.

 

Afirmativ

I was working We were working

You were working You were working

He/she/it was working They were working

 

Negativ

I was not working We were not working

You were not working You were not working

He/she/it was not working They were not working

Formele prescurtate sunt:

was not - wasn't I wasn't working.

were not - weren't They weren't working.

 

Interogativ

Was I working? Were we working?

Were you working? Were you working?

Was he/she/it working? Were they working?

Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment din trecut.

Se traduce, de obicei, cu imperfectul.

Ex. This time yesterday, I was watching TV.

(Ieri pe vremea asta priveam la televizor.)

Adesea, in aceeasi fraza, este posibil sa apara un verb folosit la Past Continuous si un

verb folosit la Past Simple. In acest caz, verbul la Past Continuous (tradus cu imperfectul),

reprezinta fundalul de timp pe care se petrece actiunea exprimata de Past Simple (tradus cu perfectul compus).

Ex. While I was crossing the street, I met John.

Este, de asemenea, posibil sa apara intr-o fraza timpul Past Continuous in mod repetat. In

aceasta situatie, ambele verbe se traduc cu imperfectul, ele aratând actiuni paralele, in plina

desfasurare, intr-un moment trecut.

Ex. While John was reading, his sister was watching TV.

(In timp ce John citea, sora lui privea la televizor.)

 
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