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Future Tense Simple Si Continuous

Future Tense Simple

Se formeaza cu shall sau will la persoana I, will la persoana II si III, la care se adauga

infinitivul verbului de conjugat.

 

Afirmativ

I (shall) will go We (shall) will go

You will go You will go

He/she/it will go They will go

 

Negativ

I (shall) will not go We (shall) will not go

You will not go You will not go

He/she/it will not go They will not go

Forma scurta pentru „shall not" este shan't, iar pentru „will not" este won't.

 

Interogativ

Shall I go? Shall we go?

Will you go? Will you go?

Will he/she/it/ go? Will they go?

Trebuie remarcat faptul ca la interogativ persoana I, se foloseste numai „shall".

Acest timp arata o actiune viitoare obisnuita. Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna.

Ex. I (shall) will meet him next week.

(Il voi intâlni saptamâna viitoare.)

 

Future Continuous

Se formeaza cu viitorul simplu al verbului „to be", la care se adauga forma -ing a

verbului de conjugat.

 

Afirmativ

I (shall) will be going.

You will be going.

He/she/it will be going.

We (shall) will be going.

You will be going.

They will be going.

 

Negativ

I (shall) will not be going.

You will not be going.

He/she/it will not be going.

We (shall) will not be going.

You will not be going.

They will not be going.

 

Interogativ

Shall I be going? Shall we be going?

Will you be going? Will you be going?

Will he/she/it be going? Will they be going?

Acest timp arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intr-un moment viitor.

Ex. At three o'clock, I will be travelling to England.

(Mâine la ora trei voi calatori spre Anglia.)

Se traduce cu viitorul din limba româna.

 

Future Perfect Simple

Se formeaza cu shall sau will, la care se adauga infinitivul trecut al verbului de conjugat.

(have + forma III).

 

Afirmativ

I (shall) will have gone.

You will have gone.

He/she/it will have gone.

We (shall) will have gone.

You will have gone.

They will have gone.

 

Negativ

I (shall) will not have gone.

You will not have gone.

He/she/it will not have gone.

We (shall) will not have gone.

You will not have gone.

They will not have gone.

 

Interogativ

Shall I have gone? Shall we have gone?

Will you have gone? Will you have gone?

Will he/she/it have gone? Will they have gone?

Acest timp arata o actiune anterioara unei alte actiuni sau unui moment viitor. Se traduce

cu timpul viitor anterior din limba româna.

Ex. By three o'clock tomorrow, I will have reached Predeal.

(Mâine pâna la ora trei voi fi ajuns la Predeal.)

 

Future Perfect Continuous

Se formeaza cu Future Perfect al verbului „to be", la care se adauga forma -ing a verbului

de conjugat.

Ex. I (shall) will have been going.

When you come home, I will have been studying for three hours.

Când vei veni tu acasa, voi studia (voi fi studiat) de trei ore.

Arata o actiune in plina desfasurare intre doua momente viitoare. Se traduce cu viitorul

simplu sau cu viitorul anterior din limba româna.

Este un timp rar folosit.

 

Future-in-the-Past Simple

Se formeaza cu should (persoana I) sau would (toate persoanele), la care se adauga

infinitivul verbului de conjugat.

 

Afirmativ

I (should) would go We (should) would go

You would go You would go

He/she/it would go They would go

 

Negativ

I (should) would not go We (should) would not go

You would not go You would not go

He/she/it would not go They would not go

Forma scurta de la „should not" este shouldn't, iar cea de la „would not" este wouldn't.

Acest timp este folosit in concordanta timpurilor pentru a arata o actiune posterioara unui

moment sau unei actiuni din trecut.

Ex. He said he would be late.

(El a spus ca va intârzia.)

Intrucât nu poate fi intâlnit decât in propozitii secundare (dupa un verb la timpul trecut in

propozitia principala), nu se pune problema folosirii lui a interogativ decât in intrebari

disjunctive.

 

Future-in-the-Past Continuous

Se formeaza cu Future-in-the-Past Simple al verbului „to be", la care se adauga forma -

ing a verbului de conjugat.

I should (would) be going.

Este un timp sestul de rar folosit. Preia functiile lui Future Tense Continuous intr-o

propozitie secundara, atunci când in principala se afla un verb la trecut.

Ex. He said that at 3 o'clock, the next day, he would be travelling to England.

(El a spus ca in ziua urmatoare, la ora 3, va calatori spre Anglia.)

 

Alte mijloace de exprimare a viitorului

Present Simple + adverb de timp viitor. Intr-un astfel de context, arata un program

precis, bine stabilit.

Ex. I leave for London tomorrow.

(Plec/voi pleca la Londra mâine.)

l Present Continuous + adverb de timp viitor. Arata o intentie, un aranjament prealabil

pentru viitorul apropiat.

Ex. I am meeting John this morning.

(Il intâlnesc/il voi intâlni pe John in dimineata aceasta.)

l Expresia „to be going to" + infinitiv. Arata de asemenea o intentie sau o probabilitate.

Ex. I am going to read this book.

(Voi citi/am de gând sa citesc aceasta carte.)

It is going to rain.

 

 
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