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Adjectivul

Adjectivul - Comparativul Superlativul

 

 

Adjectivul in limba engleza nu se schimba dupa ge, numar si caz.

 

Comparatia:

             gradul pozitiv: nu se face nici o comparatie

             gradul comparativ: se face o comparatie intre doua obiecte (de egalitate, de superioritate sau de inferioritate)

             gradul superlativ: se evidentiaza ca un obiect are calitatea cea mai inalta fie direct fara comparatie (absolut) sau printr-o comparatie (relativ)

Se formeaza adaugand pentru comparativ -(e)r, iar pentru superlativ -(e)st.

             small-smaller-the smallest

             big-bigger-the biggest  (adjective terminate intr-o consoana precedate de o vocala scurta isi dubleaza consoana)

             pretty-prettier-the prettiest  (adjective terminate in -y precedate de o consoana transforma y in i)

             nice-nicer-the nicest (adjective terminate in -ee sau -e pierd un e final)

Adjectivele din mai multe silabe formeaza comparativul si superlativul folosind more si the most.

             carreful-more carreful- the most careful

Comparativul de egalitate se formeaza prin adjectivul la pozitiv punind in fata conjunctia as, iar cel de inferioritate cu not so/as sau less....then

             These two roses smell as sweet.

Superlativul se construieste cu too, very, extremely, highly.

             John is not so fat as George.

             John is less fat than George.

 

Adjectivul - Adjective Neregulate

             In mod normal comparativul/superlativul adjectivelor se construieste prin adaugarea terminatiilor -er/-est sau utlizarea prefixurile more sau most.

             Cu toate acestea, un numar mic de adjective sunt neregulate, iar unele dintre acestea pot fi regulate sau neregulate. Cele mai importante sunt enumerate aici:

 

Adjectiv               Comparativ                   Superlativ                                           Exemple

good                    better     the best                            irregular                             Maria is the best athlete in the school.

 

healthy                 better   the best             irregular                           He is still in hospital, but he is better than he was last week.

 

bad        worse   the worst                         irregular                              You are the worst driver I have ever known.

 

far          further the furthest                    irregular                               My house is the furthest one.

far          farther  the farthest                      regular                               My house is the farther one.

old          elder     the eldest                       irregular                               Vasile is my elder brother.

old (       older     the oldest                        regular                                  Your teacher is older than my teacher.

 

 
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